[1]柏道远,李 彬,吴梦君.2021.湖南渣滓溪锑钨矿区变形序列、成矿时代及含矿构造属性.大地构造与成矿学,优先出版:001-27.doi:10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2021.05.016
 BAI Daoyuan,LI Bin,WU Mengjun and WANG Zhaofei.2021.Deformation sequences, ore-forming epoch and attributes of ore-bearing structurals in the Zhazixi Sb-W deposit, Hunan Province.Geotectonica et Metallogenia,优先出版:001-27.doi:10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2021.05.016
点击复制

湖南渣滓溪锑钨矿区变形序列、成矿时代及含矿构造属性
分享到:

《大地构造与成矿学》[ISSN:ISSN 1001-1552/CN:CN 44-1595/P]

卷:
期数:
2021年优先出版
页码:
001-27
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Deformation sequences, ore-forming epoch and attributes of ore-bearing structurals in the Zhazixi Sb-W deposit, Hunan Province
作者:
柏道远1 李 彬1 2 吴梦君3 王朝飞3
1.湖南省地质调查院, 湖南 长沙 410016; 2.东华理工大学核资源与环境国家重点实验室, 江西 南昌 330013; 3.湖南渣滓溪锑矿, 湖南 安化 413507
Author(s):
BAI Daoyuan1 LI Bin1 2 WU Mengjun3 and WANG Zhaofei3
1. Hunan Institute of Geology Survey, Changsha 410016, Hunan, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and Environment, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, China; 3. Zhaizixi Antimony Mine, Anhua County, Yiyang 413507, Hunan, China
关键词:
变形序列 锑矿床 钨矿床 成矿时代 含矿构造 渣滓溪 湖南
Keywords:
deformation sequences antimony deposits Tungsten deposits ore-forming epoch ore-bearing structures Zhazixi Hunan
DOI:
10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2021.05.016
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
渣滓溪锑钨矿床位于雪峰弧形构造带的中段, 经历了早期钨矿、晚期锑矿等两期成矿作用。目前该矿锑矿的成矿时代不明, 控矿构造的形成背景也缺乏研究。鉴此, 本文对渣滓溪矿床及外围地区开展了大量的地表露头和井下巷道的构造观测和解析, 结合构造演化背景和区域构造特征, 厘定了构造变形序列、钨矿床和锑矿床形成的时代背景以及含矿断裂的性质和形成时代, 形成以下主要成果认识。(1)研究区自早至晚经历了6期主要变形事件: ①志留纪晚期受到NW向~NNW向挤压, 形成NE向~NEE向的褶皱、逆断裂及顺层剪切断裂; ②中三叠世晚期受到NW向~NNW向挤压, 形成NE向~NEE向的褶皱、逆断裂、逆冲剪切破裂和破劈理, NWW~NW向右行走滑断裂和剪切破裂, SN向左行剪切破裂, NNW向张节理等; ③晚三叠世受到SN向挤压, 形成NNE向左行剪切破裂、NE向左行走滑兼逆冲剪切破裂、NNW向右行剪切破裂和小断裂、SN向张节理等; ④中侏罗世受到NWW向~近EW向挤压, 形成NNE向褶皱、NEE向~EW向右行走滑断裂和剪切破裂、NWW~NW向左行走滑断裂和剪切破裂; ⑤早白垩世受到区域NW-SE向伸展, 形成NE向正断裂; ⑥古近纪中晚期受到NE向挤压, 形成EW向~NEE向左行剪切破裂和小断裂、SN向~NNE向右行走滑断裂和剪切破裂。(2)钨矿床和锑矿床分别形成于晚三叠世和晚侏罗世, 与区域印支晚期和早燕山期花岗质岩浆活动相对应。(3)锑矿的容矿构造为NWW向~NNW向的次级右行走滑断裂, 断裂形成于中三叠世晚期的NW向挤压和晚三叠世的SN向挤压; 钨矿的容矿构造包括志留纪晚期形成的NEE向层间断裂, 中三叠世晚期和晚三叠世形成的层内的NWW向和NNW向右行剪切破裂、NNE向左行剪切破裂、NW向张节理等。
Abstract:
The Zhazixi Sb-W deposit located in the middle segment of the Xuefeng orogen has experienced two stages of mineralization, i.e. early tungsten and late antimony. At present, the metallogenic age of the Sb deposit is unknown, and the tectonic settings of ore controlling structures are lack of research. In view of this, the authors carried out detailed structural observation and analysis of surface outcrops and in the pits in the Zhazixi deposit and its surrounding areas, and then combined with the tectonic evolution and regional structural characteristics, the deformation sequences are distinguished, the formation ages of tungsten and antimony deposits, as well as the nature and formation ages of ore bearing faults are discussed, and, as a result, the following conclusions have been reached: (1) The study area has experienced sixMain deformation events: ①Regional NW to NNW compression in the Late Silurian which formed NE to NEE-trending folds, thrust faults and bedding-parallel shear faults; ②Regional NW to NNW compression in the late Middle Triassic which formed NE to NEE-trending folds, thrust faults, thrust shear fractures and cleavages, NWW to NW-trending dextral strike-slip faults and shear fractures, SN-trending sinistral shear fractures and NNW-trending tension joints; ③Regional SN compression in the Late Triassic which formed NNE-trending sinistral shear fractures, NE-trending sinistral strike-slip-thrust shear fractures, NNW-trending dextral shear fractures and small faults, SN-trending tension joints; ④ Regional NWW to EW compression in the late Middle Jurassic which formed NNE-trending folds, NEE to EW-trending dextral strike-slip faults and shear fractures, NWW to NW-trending sinistral strike-slip faults and shear fractures;⑤Regional NW-SE extension in the Early Cretaceous which formed NE-trending normal faults; ⑥Regional NE compression in the middle-late Paleogene which formed EW to NEE-trending sinistral shear fractures and small faults, SN to NNE-trending dextral strike-slip faults and shear fractures. (2) Tungsten deposits and antimony deposits were formed in the Late Triassic and Late Jurassic respectively, corresponding to the regional late Indosinian and early Yanshanian graniticMagmatism. (3) The ore-bearing structures of antimony deposits are NWW to NNW-trending secondary dextral strike-slip faults formed in regional NW-striking compression in the late Middle Triassic and in regional SN compression in the Late Triassic; The ore-bearing structures of tungsten deposits are NEE-trending interlayer faults formed in the Late Silurian, NWW- and NNW-trending dextral strike-slip fractures, NNE-trending sinistral strike-slip shear fractures and NW-trending tension joints formed in the late Middle Triassic and Late Triassic.

参考文献/References:

柏道远, 熊延望, 王先辉, 马铁球. 2005. 湖南常德-安仁NW向断裂左旋走滑与安仁“Y”字型构造. 大地构造与成矿学, 29(4): 435-442.
柏道远, 黄建中, 王先辉, 马铁球, 张晓阳, 陈必河. 2006. 湖南邵阳-郴州北西向左旋走滑暨水口山-香花岭南北向构造成因. 中国地质, 33(1): 56-63.
柏道远, 邹宾微, 赵龙辉, 李泽泓, 王先辉, 马铁球, 肖冬贵, 彭云益. 2009. 湘东太湖逆冲推覆构造基本特征研究.中国地质, 36(1): 53-64.
柏道远, 刘波, 倪艳军, 马铁球, 王先辉, 彭云益, 李纲. 2010. 湘东北湘阴凹陷控盆断裂特征、盆地性质及动力机制研究. 资源调查与环境, 31(3): 157-168.
柏道远, 钟响, 贾朋远, 刘耀荣, 黄文义. 2011. 湘东南晚三叠世-侏罗纪沉积特征及盆地性质和成因机制. 地质力学学报, 17(4): 338-349.
柏道远, 贾宝华, 钟响, 贾朋远, 刘耀荣. 2012a. 湘中南晋宁期和加里东期构造线走向变化成因. 地质力学学报, 18(2): 165-177.
柏道远, 贾宝华, 钟响, 刘耀荣, 贾朋远, 黄文义. 2012b. 湘东南印支运动变形特征研究. 地质论评, 58(1): 19-29.
柏道远, 贾宝华, 王先辉, 彭云益, 贾朋远, 凌跃新. 2013. 湘中盆地西部构造变形的运动学特征及成因机制. 地质学报, 87(12): 1791-1802.
柏道远, 钟响, 贾朋远, 熊雄. 2014a. 雪峰造山带南段构造变形研究. 大地构造与成矿学, 38(3): 512-529.
柏道远, 熊雄, 杨俊, 钟响, 贾朋远, 黄文义. 2014b. 雪峰造山带中段地质构造特征. 中国地质, 41(2): 399-418.
柏道远, 姜文, 钟响, 熊雄. 2015a. 湘西沅麻盆地中新生代构造变形特征及区域地质背景. 中国地质, 42(6): 1851-1875.
柏道远, 熊雄, 杨俊, 钟响, 姜文. 2015b. 齐岳山断裂东侧盆山过渡带褶皱特征及其变形机制. 大地构造与成矿学, 39(6): 1008-1021.
柏道远, 李银敏, 钟响, 李彬, 黄乐清, 伍贵华, 李超, 姜文. 2018. 湖南NW向常德-安仁断裂的地质特征、活动历史及构造性质. 地球科学, 43(7): 2496-2517.
柏道远, 李彬, 姜文, 李银敏, 蒋启生. 2020a. 湖南省主要内生成矿事件的构造格局控矿特征及动力机制[J]. 地球科学与环境学报, 42(1): 49-70.
柏道远, 唐分配, 李彬, 曾广乾, 李银敏, 姜文. 2020b. 湖南省成矿地质事件纲要.中国地质. http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/11.1167.P.20200325.1824.005.html.
柏道远, 李彬, 姜文, 李银敏, 蒋启生. 2020c. 洞庭盆地湘阴凹陷南段构造特征及动力机制. 桂林理工大学学报, 40(2): 241-250.
鲍振襄, 鲍珏敏. 1991. 渣滓溪锑矿带地质特征及成矿条件探讨. 湖南地质, 10(1): 25-32.
鲍振襄, 覃志平. 1997. 渣滓溪锑矿构造地球化学特征及其找矿意义. 物探与化探, 21(3): 234-238.
鲍振襄, 鲍珏敏, 万溶江. 1998. 渣滓溪锑矿带地质特征及控矿因素与找矿. 北京地质, (1): 11-16.
鲍正襄, 万榕江, 包觉敏. 2002. 沃溪钨锑金矿床成矿的独特性. 湖南冶金, (4): 11-14.
陈明扬. 1996. 铲子坪金矿北西向构造蚀变带特征及其研究意义. 湖南地质, 15(2): 78-80, 84.
陈明辉, 杨洪超, 娄亚利, 包正相, 鲍珏敏. 2008. 湘西沃溪钨锑金矿床成矿的独特性. 地质找矿论丛, 23(1): 32-35, 42.
陈鹏, 施炜. 2015. 古构造应力场反演的理论与实践——基于断层滑动矢量分析. 地质论评, 61(3): 536-546.
陈旭, 戎嘉余. 1999. 从生物地层学到大地构造学——以华南奥陶系和志留系为例. 现代地质, 13(4): 385-389.
邓会娟, 息朝庄, 夏浩东, 卢志文. 2016. 湖南安化渣滓溪锑矿床微量元素特征. 黄金, 37(5): 21-25.
董国军, 许德如, 王力, 陈广浩, 贺转利, 符巩固, 吴俊, 王智琳. 2008. 湘东地区金矿床矿化年龄的测定及含矿流体来源的示踪——兼论矿床成因类型. 大地构造与成矿学, 32(4): 482-491.
顾江年, 宁钧陶, 吴俊. 2012. 湘东北九岭-清水地区韧性剪切带型金矿控矿特征及找矿方向. 华南地质与矿产, 28(1): 27-34.
顾雪祥, 刘建明, 郑明华, Oskar Schulz, Franz Vavtar. 2000. 湖南沃溪钨-锑-金建造矿床海底喷流热水沉积成因的组构学和地球化学证据. 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 19(4): 235-238.
韩凤彬, 常亮, 蔡明海, 刘孙泱, 张诗启, 陈艳, 彭振安, 徐明. 2010. 湘东北地区金矿成矿时代研究. 矿床地质, 29(3): 563-571.
郝义, 李三忠, 金宠, 戴黎明, 刘博, 刘丽萍, 刘鑫. 2010. 湘赣桂地区加里东期构造变形特征及成因分析. 大地构造与成矿学, 34(2): 166-180.
胡阿香, 彭建堂. 2020. 湖南渣滓溪锑钨矿床流体包裹体特征及其意义. 大地构造与成矿学, 44(3): 431-446.
黄诚, 樊光明, 姜高磊, 罗亮, 徐增连. 2012. 湘东北雁林寺金矿构造控矿特征及金成矿ESR 测年. 大地构造与成矿学, 36(1): 76-84.
黄建中, 孙骥, 周超, 陆文, 肖荣, 郭爱民, 黄革非, 谭仕敏, 隗含涛. 2020. 江南造山带(湖南段)金矿成矿规律与资源潜力. 地球学报, 41(2): 230-252.
康如华, 冯经平, 许云舟, 吴迎春, 李福顺, 胡绪云. 2018. 渣滓溪锑(钨)矿床深部金矿化的发现及其找矿潜力初探. 中国钨业, 33(3): 1-8.
李松, 卢志文, 刘大勇. 2014. 渣滓溪锑钨矿区矿化富集规律. 黄金, 35(7): 27-30.
刘亚军. 1992. 湘西沃溪金锑钨矿床褶皱构造及其控矿规律与动力成矿作用. 矿床地质, 11(2): 134-141.
卢志文, 刘大勇. 2013. 渣滓溪锑(钨)矿区构造控矿特征. 黄金, 34(5): 23-26.
卢志文, 李松, 刘大勇. 2015. 渣滓溪锑钨共生矿床成矿条件及成矿机理. 黄金, 36(7): 23-27.
罗献林. 1989. 论湖南前寒武系金矿床的形成时代. 桂林冶金地质学院学报, 9(1): 25-34.
骆学全. 1993. 铲子坪金矿的构造成矿作用. 湖南地质, 12(3): 171-176.
彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 赵军红, 符亚洲, 林源贤. 2003. 湘西沃溪 Au-Sb-W矿床中白钨矿Sm-Nd和石英Ar-Ar定年. 科学通报, 48(18): 1976-1981.
彭建堂, 张东亮, 胡瑞忠, 吴梦君, 林源贤. 2008. 湘西渣滓溪钨锑矿床白钨矿的Sm-Nd 和Sr同位素地球化学. 地质学报, 82(11): 1514-1521.
彭建堂, 张东亮, 胡瑞忠, 吴梦君, 柳小明, 漆亮, 虞有光. 2010. 湘西渣滓溪钨锑矿床白钨矿中稀土元素的不均匀分布及其地质意义. 地质论评, 56(6): 810-819.
丘元禧, 张渝昌, 马文璞. 1998. 雪峰山陆内造山带的构造特征与演化. 高校地质学报, 44(4): 432-443.
舒良树, 周新民, 邓平, 余心起, 王彬, 祖辅平. 2004. 中国东南部中、新生代盆地特征与构造演化. 地质通报, 23(9): 876-884.
舒良树, 周新民. 2002. 中国东南部晚中生代构造作用. 地质论评, 48(3): 249-260.
万天丰, 朱鸿. 2002. 中国大陆及邻区中生代-新生代大地构造与环境变迁.现代地质, 16(2): 107-118.
王朝飞, 鲍振襄, 包觉敏. 2015. 渣滓溪大型锑矿的控矿构造与成矿作用. 地质找矿论丛, 30(3): 359-365.
王建, 李三忠, 金宠, 王岳军, 张国伟, 刘丽萍, 刘鑫. 2010. 湘中地区穹盆构造:褶皱叠加期次和成因. 大地构造与成矿学, 34(2): 159-165.
王永磊, 陈毓川, 王登红, 徐珏, 陈郑辉. 2012. 湖南渣滓溪W-Sb 矿床白钨矿Sm-Nd 测年及其地质意义. 中国地质, 39(5): 1339-1344.
文志林, 邓腾, 董国军, 邹凤辉, 许德如, 王智琳, 林舸, 陈根文. 2016. 湘东北万古金矿床控矿构造特征与控矿规律研究. 大地构造与成矿学, 40(2): 281-294.
吴梦君. 2015. 湖南渣滓溪锑钨矿地质特征、富集规律及找矿前景. 贵州地质, 32(4): 256-261.
吴迎春, 吴梦君, 胡绪云. 2016. 湖南渣滓溪锑钨矿床地质特征及找矿潜力分析. 华南地质与矿产, 32(4): 343-349.
肖拥军, 陈广浩. 2004. 湘东北大洞-万古地区金矿构造成矿定位机制的初步研究. 大地构造与成矿学, 28(1): 38-44.
徐先兵, 张岳桥, 贾东, 舒良树, 王瑞瑞. 2009. 华南早中生代大地构造过程. 中国地质, 36(3): 573-593.
张国伟, 郭安林, 董云鹏, 姚安平. 2011. 大陆地质与大陆构造和大陆动力学. 地学前缘, 18(3): 1-12.
张进, 马宗晋, 陈必河, 王宗秀, 李涛. 2010a. 雪峰山中段古生代变形的特征及意义——以绥宁-靖州-天柱-新晃剖面为例. 地质通报, 29(1): 44-57
张进, 马宗晋, 杨健, 陈必河, 雷永良, 王宗秀, 李涛. 2010b. 雪峰山西麓中生代盆地属性及构造意义. 地质学报, 84(5): 631-650.
张岳桥, 徐先兵, 贾东, 舒良树. 2009. 华南早中生代从印支期碰撞构造体系向燕山期俯冲构造体系转换的形变记录. 地学前缘, 16(1): 234-247.
张岳桥, 董树文, 李建华, 崔建军, 施炜, 苏金宝, 李勇. 2012. 华南中生代大地构造研究新进展. 地球学报, 33(3): 257-279.
Chu Y, Lin W, Faure M, Xue Z H, Ji W B and Feng Z T. 2019. Cretaceous episodic extension in the South China Block, East Asia: evidence from the YuechenglingMassif of central South China. Tectonics, 38: 1-28. https://doi.org /10.1029/2019TC005516.
Gilder S A, Leloup P H and Courtillot V. 1999. Tectonic volution of the Tancheng-Lujiang (Tan-Lu) fault via Middle Triassic to early Cenozoic paleomagnetic data. Journal of geophysical research, 104(7): 15365-15390.
Lapierre H, Jahn B M, Charvet J and Yu Y W. 1997. Mesozoic felsic arcMagmatism and continental olivine tholeiites in Zhejiang Province and their relationship with the tectonic activity in southeastern China. Tectonophysics, 274(4): 321-338.
Li J H, Zhang Y Q, Dong S W and Johnston S T. 2014. Cretaceous tectonic evolution of South China: a preliminary synthesis. Earth-Sci. Rev.134, 98-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.03.008.
Li X H. 2000. CretaceousMagmatism and Lithospheric Extension in Southeast China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 18(3): 293-305.
Li Z X and Li X H. 2007. Formation of the 1300-km-wide intracontinental orogen and post orogenicMagmatic province in Mesozoic South China: a flat-slab subduc-tion model. Geology, 35: 179-182. https://doi.org/10.1130 /G23193A.1.
Lin W and Wei W. 2018. Late Mesozoic extensional tectonics in the North China Craton and its adjacent regions: A review and synthesis: International Geology Review, doi:10.1080/00206814.2018.1477073.
Morley C K. 1999. How successful are analogue models in addressing the influence of pre-existing fabrics on rift structure? Journal of Structural Geology, 21(8): 1267-1274.
Morley C K, Haranya C and Phoosongsee W S. 2004. Activation of rift oblique and rift parallel pre-existing fabrics during extension and their effect on deformation style: examples from the rifts of Thailand. Journal of Structural Geology, 26(10): 1803-1829.
Ren J Y, Tamaki K, Li S T and Zhang J X. 2002. Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic rifting and its dynamic setting in eastern China and adjacent areas. Tectonophysics, 344(3-4): 175-205.
Uyeda S and Kanamori H. 1979. Back-Arc opening and the mode of subduction. Journal of Geophysical Research, 84(B3): 1049-1061.
Wang T, Zheng YD, Zhang J J, Zeng L S, Donskaya T, Guo L and Li J B. 2011. Pattern and kinematic polarity of late Mesozoic extension in continental NE Asia: perspectives from metamorphic core complexes. Tectonics, 30, TC6007. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011TC002896.
Wang Y J, Zhang Y H, Fan W M and Peng T P. 2005. Structural signatures and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Indosinian Xuefengshan tectonic belt, South China block. Journal of Structural Geology, 27: 985-998.
Watson M P, Hayward A B, Parkinson D N and Zhang Z M. 1987. Plate tectonic history, basin development and petroleum source rock deposition onshore China.Marine and Petroleum Geology, 4(3): 205-225.
Yin A and Harrison T M. 2000. Geologic evolution of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogen. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 28: 211-280.
Xu D R, Deng T, Chi G X, Wang Z L, Zou F H, Zhang J L and Zou S H. 2017. Gold mineralization in the Jiangnan Orogenic Belt of South China: Geological, geochemical and geochronological characteristics, ore deposittype and geodynamic setting. Ore Geology Reviews, 88: 565-618.
Zhang L, Yang L Q, Groves D I and Sun S C. 2019. An overview of timing and structural geometry of gold, gold-antimony and antimony mineralization in the Jiangnan Orogen, southern China. Ore Geology Reviews, 103-173.
Zeng G P, Gong Y J, Wang Z F, Hu X L and Xiong S F. 2017. Structures of the Zhazixi Sb-W deposit, South China: Implications for ore genesis and mineral exploration. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 182: 10-21.
Zhou X M and Li W X. 2000. Origin of Late Mesozoic igneous rocks in Southeastern China: implications for lithosphere subduction and underplating ofMaficMagmas. Tectonophysics, 326(3-4): 269-287.
Zhou X M, Sun T, Shen W Z and Shu L S. 2006. Petrogenesis of Mesozoic Granitoids and Volcanic Rocks in South China: A Response to Tectonic Evolution. Episodes, 29(1): 26-33.

相似文献/References:

[1]弓小平,马华东,杨兴科.木孜塔格—鲸鱼湖断裂带特征、演化及其意义.大地构造与成矿学,2004.28(4):418.
 Gong Xiaoping,Ma Huadong,Yang Xingke.MEANING AND EVOLUTION & CHARACTERISTIC OF MUZTAG-CETACEAN LAKE FRACTURE ZONE.Geotectonica et Metallogenia,2004.优先出版:418.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2021-06-20; 改回日期: 2021-09-23
项目资助:湖南省地质院科研项目(201917)资助。
第一作者简介:柏道远(1967-), 男, 研究员级高级工程师, 博士, 长期从事区域地质调查与基础地质研究。Email: daoyuanbai@sina.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-11-09