[1]李三忠,王光增,索艳慧,等.板块驱动力: 问题本源与本质[J].大地构造与成矿学,2018,(优先出版):605-643.[doi:10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2019.04.002]
 LI Sanzhong,WANG Guangzeng,SUO Yanhui,et al.Driving Force of Plate Tectonics: Origin and Nature[J].Geotectonica et Metallogenia,2018,(优先出版):605-643.[doi:10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2019.04.002]
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板块驱动力: 问题本源与本质
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《大地构造与成矿学》[ISSN:ISSN 1001-1552/CN:CN 44-1595/P]

卷:
期数:
2018年优先出版
页码:
605-643
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Driving Force of Plate Tectonics: Origin and Nature
作者:
李三忠 王光增 索艳慧 李玺瑶 戴黎明 刘一鸣 周 洁 郭玲莉 刘永江 张国伟
Author(s):
LI Sanzhong WANG Guangzeng SUO Yanhui LI Xiyao DAI Liming LIU Yiming Zhou Jie GUO Lingli LIU Yongjiang and ZHANG Guowei
关键词:
驱动力 板块 板内 地幔对流 地幔柱 俯冲带 前寒武纪
Keywords:
driving force plate intraplate mantle convection mantle plume subduction zone Precambrian
DOI:
10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2019.04.002
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本文回顾了板块构造理论之前和之后关于地球驱动力问题的发展历程, 从近3000年人类由表及里认识地球的历史讨论中, 可以发现人们认知这个问题的历史转变和外在干扰, 并从唯物论?心论和固定论?动论两条主线, 梳理 理解板块驱动力的问题本源和本质。当人们追究板块构造起源到前板块体制下的早期地球时, 板块驱动力问题变成了对全时整体地球动力学问题的讨论, 实质是对地球上块体变形和变位根本动因的追寻。随着视野逐渐开阔, 人们必然回溯到最早期开尔文提出的热驱动, 并通过对比太阳系其他行星, 试图回答“为什么太阳系中唯独地球具有板块构造”这个根本问题。因此, 地球变形和变位的一切根源和本质在于热的时空不均一性和不同阶段地球的热状态和热结构, 然而, 热驱动是重力作用衍生的次级机制。地球构造圈形变机制实际上在不断演变, 重力驱动力的表现型式也在不断演变, 具体地区和不同时空尺度又有所不同, 因而就区域构造解析而言, 驱动力是多起源的。最后, 本文将板块驱动力问题拓展到地球系统动力学问题探讨, 并就方法论、认知论做了简要总结。
Abstract:
This paper reviews the development history on the Earth’s driving force before and after plate tectonics theory. From the discussion on history of human being to understand the Earth’s driving force from the Earth surface to the Earth interior, we can find out the historical change and external disturbance of understanding this problem, so as to understand the essence and nature of plate driving force based on two clues of Materialism-Idealism and Fixism-Activism. When people investigate the origin of plate tectonics to the Early Earth under the pre-plate tectonic system, the plate driving force becomes a discussion of full-time global geodynamics, which is essentially the pursuit of the fundamental causes of the Earth’s deformation. When the horizon is open, it will inevitably return to the thermal drive earliestly proposed by Kelvin, and we try to answer the fundamental question of “why only the Earth in the solar system has plate tectonics” by comparing other planets in the solar system. Therefore, all the causes and essence of the Earth’s deformation lie in the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of heat and the thermal states and structures of the Earth at different evolutionary stages, while gravity drive is a secondary mechanism derived from the thermal. In fact, the deformation mechanism of the tectonosphere is evolving, the driving forces are evolving and different in the specific areas and special scales in time and space. Therefore, in terms of regional tectonic analysis, the driving forces are multi-originated. Finally, this paper extends the issue of plate driving force to the discussion of the Earth system dynamics, and at last makes a brief summary of methodology and epistemology.

相似文献/References:

[1]徐青.历史—因果论大地构造驱动力地幔蠕动热能聚散说的地热学研究[J].大地构造与成矿学,1993,(17卷01):013.
 XU Qing.CONTROLLING MECHANISMS FOR MANTLE CREEPFLOW AND GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BUDGETS:INSIGHT FROM HISTORISTIC-CAUSATIONIST GEOTECTONICS[J].Geotectonica et Metallogenia,1993,(优先出版):013.

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-04